AI with the Hummingbird in Snap!
In today’s world, artificial intelligence and machine learning are constantly in the news, and we are surrounded by devices collecting and using data about us. While the terms artificial intelligence and machine learning are often used interchangeably, they do mean slightly different things. Artificial intelligence refers generally to any system that enables a machine to make a decision, while machine learning refers to systems that use large amounts of data to create models that make predictions. We are focusing on the latter here, so we will use the term machine learning going forward.
These hands-on activities are designed to enable you to create and test your own machine learning models. You will use your models to write programs with the Hummingbird kit so that you can get a better idea of the power of these models when used in software.
As you complete these activities, think about examples of machine learning that you have heard or read about. What are the advantages of machine learning? What are the potential pitfalls?
Before you get started, get an overview of how machine learning works.
Machine Learning Activities
These activities use Google Teachable Machine to create machine learning models that you can incorporate into your Snap! programs. These models are quick to create online and will enable you to develop some intuition for how machine learning works and how it depends on the data that you use to create it. There are three types of machine learning models that you can create: image recognition, audio recognition, and pose recognition. You will find an activity for each below. In each activity, you will create and test a machine learning model and then use it in a Snap! program.
Race after Technology by Ruha Benjamin: Provides a discussion of how technology is not neutral but can be racist and further racist aims, a process Benjamin terms the New Jim Code. Excerpts from this book would be an excellent basis for a discussion of ethics and justice in machine learning.
Coded Bias by Shalini Kantayya: An excellent documentary introducing the ethical issues involved in artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Catfishing on CatNet by Naomi Kritzer: This novel features a machine learning system that has become self-aware and provides an opportunity to discuss the kinds of data collected about us by these systems and how they might be used.
Weapons of Math Destruction by Cathy O’Neil: An engaging and accessible account of how algorithms affect our lives and the bias these algorithms incorporate the biases of society at large. Students may be particularly interested in how algorithms affect the college admissions process.