Science, Maker

Project Type

Interactive Games

Required Tutorials

Position servo, Rotation servo, Single color LED, Tri-color LED, & Sensors

Estimated Time

Long (6+ hours)

Physics of Pinball

Use physics to create pinball machines!

Free Teacher Materials

Get Access

Teacher Credit

Carrie Beth Rykowski

Project Map

Learning Goals

  • Students will create a pinball machine with a clear, engaging theme.
  • Students will incorporate at least 3 simple or compound machines to apply Newton’s laws of motion.
  • Students will defend their design decisions based on their knowledge of simple/compound machines and Newton’s laws of motion.




The eighth graders of Vickery Creek Middle School demonstrate their knowledge of physics by creating pinball machines! They learn about simple and complex machines in physical science, and then they apply this knowledge in their STEAM elective.

This project starts with an introduction to how pinball illustrates Newton’s Laws of Motion. Discovery: How It’s Made: Pinball Machine shows the construction of an actual pinball machine.

Next, students are challenged to build a pinball machine with the Hummingbird. The game must have a clear, engaging theme and incorporate at least 3 simple or compound machines to apply Newton’s laws of motion. Students can use the attached planning document to design their machine.

As students build their game, the DIY Cardboard Pinball Machine video may be helpful. In addition, this video shows how to use the Hummingbird servo to construct a basic flipper that uses a linkage. Students can experiment with modifying this linkage to get the movement that they want for their game.

When students complete their games, invite the school community to come play!

Differentiation: Students ready for an additional challenge can add sound effects and score keeping through Scratch or Snap!.

Assessment: The rubric found in teacher materials can be used to evaluate projects.


Check out this pinball machine from CreArtBot:

Standards Alignment

MS-PS2-1. Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.

MS-PS3-2. Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.

MS-PS3-5. Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

Back to Top